The role of ethics in software system design has increased in importance recently. Computer technology brings about a whole new field of ethical dilemmas. Unfortunately, in order to get our work done quickly and conveniently, some people make and use unauthorized software copies. Ethical issues ocr gcse computer science revision ocr bbc. The pedestrian death has renewed attention on the ethical considerations, safety measures, and software that have gone into the development of selfdriving carsall of which have been steadily documented and studied by scientists and analysts at the ieee computer society since the beginning. New technologies require us to pay attention, voice our concerns constructively, and demand accountability when people are harmed. Ethics is a set of moral principles that govern the behavior of a group or individual. The ethical use of computers in the workplace for workers. These issues are explored in the context of simulation models, databases, geographic information systems and artificial intelligence programs, especially expert systems. The computer would have achieved its goal of no more cancer very. Instead, she described computer ethics issues as old ethical problems that are given a new twist by computer technology.
From personal privacy online, to the appropriate uses of new technology, to and intellectual property on the internet, the legal and ethical issues in technology are multifaceted and complex. Partially, the answer is no since all fields have similar problems and issue. Ethics apply here as a situation may occur where the cars software. An ethical analysis political speech in the age of social media the ethical. Computer and information ethics stanford encyclopedia of. The laws and ethics of workplace privacy and employee. Ethical considerations in software engineering east tennessee. Computer ethics in the workplace is a relatively new, but quickly growing field of study.
Syllabus csc320 social issues in computer science fall 2010 3 preliminary course outline class week topics. The ethics of computer software in a law practice the pennsylvania bar association recently released formal opinion 2014300, addressing the ethics issues associated with the use of social media. Johnsons book computer ethics was the first major textbook in the field, and it quickly became the primary text used in computer ethics courses offered at universities in englishspeaking countries. Is computer ethics different to those that came before. Earlier involvement and better articulation of ethical concerns may also facilitate innovation, and avert problems that can arise when the assumptions of management and of implementation teams are not aligned. Many books on computer ethics contain little more than litanies of illegal or malicious acts one can engage in with computers. Information ethics is the field that investigates the ethical issues arising from the development and. Here are the five most pressing ethical and legal issues confronting the industry today. Tech ethics issues we should all be thinking about in 2019. Why tech companies need a code of ethics for software. Part one of a threepart series on software patents. The rapid rise of technology has raised a host of legal and ethical issues that are unique to the 21st century. Some common issues of computer ethics include intellectual property rights such as ed electronic content, privacy concerns, and how. As computers become more prevalent in the workplace, more organizations publish official codes of ethics that cover computer use.
Ive known people who have refused to work on robotics projects for the military, or with primarily military applications. The five principles of software ethics the new stack. Software testing computer and software engineers are often creating software that will run on a great variety of platforms, from embedded microprocessors to pcs. Computer ethics deals with moral responsibility of what is wrong and right. The academic computer security community has not yet. Timekeeping 2 computer software is useful in storing data in exportable and retrievable formats for cloud and physical storage. This article gives an overview of professional ethics as applied to computer programming and software development, in particular the ethical guidelines that developers are expected to follow and apply when writing programming code also called source code, and when they are part of a programmercustomer or employeeemployer relationship. While this opinion is not directly relevant to legal office management software like cosmolex, it is an important reminder that we must consider how. January 20, 2014 information technology, general 0 comments access to information is paramount for any business or organization, and millions of dollars have been invested in information technology systems and infrastructures. Ethics in computer software design and development.
The field of study referred to as computer ethics addresses ethical issues arising around the development and use of computers and related technology. A guide to the ethical and legal use of software for members of the academic community software enables us to accomplish many different tasks with computers. The conceptual foundations of computer ethics are investigated by information ethics, a branch of philosophical ethics established by luciano floridi 4. There are two contrasting ethical views on the issue of piracy, and both have their valid points. The code they are creating can be in many different languages, and can be performing many different tasks. Ethics in computer software design and development southern.
Any person wishing to join the society must accept a code of ethics and professional conduct, which covers the ethical issues surrounding software piracy. Future parts will describe some possible solutions. Ethical norms and standards are crucial in this profession serving as a guide and moral codex of ethical behavior patterns. Find and pick the best computer science program now. Pdf professional and ethical dilemmas in software engineering. Piracy ethics and law gcse computer science revision. The software pirates and those trying to protect software s approach the ethics of piracy from two different viewpoints. In this article we examine ethical issues that have been raised by open source software and its challenge. Introduction open source software oss and the emergence of an entire open source movement have practical, political, economic and ethical ramifications for software development and software use. The following issues are examples of security problems which an organization. Software piracy is a form of ethical issue that is hard to solve in society, especially among students of faculty of computer science university of indonesia.
With computer software, complete disclosure is required. For more than a decade, her textbook set the computer ethics research agenda on. For the seventh year in a row, ive released a list of ten technologies that people should be aware of in the hopes of giving nonexperts a window. Most computer software contains simple docketing modules with reminders for done and upcoming tasks cornick, 2014. Moral and ethical responsibility of computer programmers. Guide to legal and ethical use of software washington. Discussion of book report and term project assignments 3 sept 19 ethical issues for computer professionals.
But not everyone contemplates the ethical issues that come with using that free code. This part describes the problems with software patents. Learn about the digital divide and legal, environmental and ethical issues in computing for gcse computer science. From computer crime to privacy to the power of computer professionals, this technology has shifted the way the business world must think about ethical decisions. Therefore, computer ethics is set of moral principles that regulate the use of computers. How would the use of computer software have prevented this. Maner computers bring new ethical problems johnson computers just bring a new slant to old problems moor social and ethical use of new technology. Pan european game information pegi is a european video game content rating system established to help european parents make informed decisions on buying computer games with logos on games boxes. What are some ethical issues in computer science research. Some of these dilemmas are new such as copying software, while others are new version of older problems dealing with right and wrong, honesty, loyalty. Ethical issues for it security professionals computerworld.
This article gives an overview of professional ethics as applied to computer programming and software development, in particular the ethical. It was developed by the interactive software federation of europe isfe and came into use in april 2003. Top 9 ethical issues in artificial intelligence world. Basic ethical qualities required for the programmers and testers of computer systems and software are an understanding of corporate morale and motivations, knowledge of social and technical problems. Ive heard of others who have left the field entirely, because even work done primarily for some other purpose is highly li. As this code expresses the consensus of the profession on ethical issues, it is a means to educate both the public and aspiring professionals about the ethical obligations of all software engineers. Hopefully these typical ethical questions illustrates to you the diverse characters of ethical issues including, property rights, privacy, free speech and professional ethics. Ethics in computer software design and request pdf. Privacy and security, computers and power, and software as property. The rapid advances in technology can sometimes leave ethical considerations behind, as. Ethical issues with the software piracy issue free essays. The ethics of computer software in a law practice cosmolex. This paper examines current ethical issues of software system design and development in relation to privacy, accuracy, property, accessibility, and effects on quality of life. This means having the foresight to imagine how end users will use code in such a way that software creators will not need top create breaking changes in later versions.
Democratic legitimacy the california wildfires the ethics of immigration the power of symbols the mueller report. Computers and society an introduction to ethical issues. Discussion of ethics and ethical issues in software engineering is important. Physicians, attorneys and other professionals whose job duties affect others lives usually receive, as part of their formal training, courses that address ethical issues common to their professions. The ethical problems faced by the software engineer involve. The emerging use of computers and other technologies were bringing up new ethical issues that. First, some ethical implications of adopting a particular ap proach to system design are examined. Next, the specific ethical issues mentioned above are presented. Pdf ethical issues in the use of computers william rapaport. Unfortunately, in order to get our work done quickly and conveniently, some people make and use unauthorized software. As software has become the lifeline of many systems, the software professional needs to be aware of the ethical issues connected with the software engineering and it is the managers responsibility to bring this awareness to all the team members. Computer billing softwares provide simplified tracking for all kinds of expenses.
Internet privacy, electronic communication and computer crimes add a new layer of ethical issues that plague those who use computers and technology on a. Computer ethics, according to the mass media, seems to include every conceivable misuse of computers. This is why big tech companies must take the lead and create their own code of ethics. Computer ethics is an important topic in computer applications. The association for computing machinery, or acm, claims to be the worlds largest educational and scientific computing society. Yet as software takes over more of our life, the ethical ramifications of decisions made by programmers only become greater. Privacy has evolving legal implications, but there are also ethical considerations. From personal privacy online, to the appropriate uses of new technology, to and intellectual property on the internet, the legal and ethical issues in. Abiding by a code of ethics puts product teams in a better position to deliver amazing software. As software takes over more of our lives, the ethical ramifications of.
Page 275 ethical issues in the use of computers is divided into five parts. Yet this is difficult because there is no overarching positive ethical force in the american business community. Piracy is ethical some think that there is nothing wrong with software. Ethical issues with the software piracy issue essay 986. Now that our code is in refrigerators, thermostats, smoke alarms, and more, the wrong moves, a lack of foresight, or downright dubious decisionmaking can haunt humanity everywhere it goes. Now that our code is in refrigerators, thermostats, smoke alarms, and more, the wrong moves, a lack of foresight, or downright dubious decisionmaking can. The first principle of software ethics requires a commitment to not shipping bad code. Software engineers shall act consistently with the public interest. Microcomputer software presents a particular problem since many individuals are involved in the use of this software. Information society is the term often used especially by economists and sociologists to characterize. Ethics spotlights taking a knee brett kavanaugh and the ethics of the supreme court confirmation process the ethics of dissent pointcounterpoint.413 1530 950 419 211 1440 975 570 1279 894 1366 24 780 266 1431 1196 612 1136 237 178 1417 859 151 901 1265 201 1238 927 1205