A summary of the act and its major requirements congressional research service 1 introduction the authorities and responsibilities of the environmental protection agency epa derive primarily from a dozen major environmental statutes. The main aim of this act is to provide a comprehensive control mechanism to protect the environment from smoke, dust and fumes. The clean air acts economic benefits past, present and future. An act providing for a comprehensive air pollution control policy and for other purposes be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the philippines in congress assembled. The clean air act has prevented many people from getting sick, but there is still work to be done to keep our air clean. Applications for approval of height of chimneys of. Tag renewal deadlines extended to june 15 to allow motorists more time to complete emissions tests. Defra is considering the consequences of repealing or amending the clean air act 1993 as part of the governments red tape challenge.
Clean air act of 1999 republic act 8749 link to the pdf version of the philippines clean air act. Pdf is used for representing twodimensional documents in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system. Type and description of furnaces to be installed make, model number etc note 4 c. On december, 1996 the environmental protection agency epa issued a final rule on section 112g of the clean air act amendments of 1990.
Epuk 12 air quality asks for the environment bill may 2019 pdf. This report summarizes the clean air act and its major regulatory requirements. Department of health, education and services to create and enforce auto emission standards. Emissions of dark smoke are prohibited from chimneys and. The clean air act amendments of 1990 added a title v to the act which requires states to administer a comprehensive permit program for the operation of sources emitting air pollutants.
Clean air act overview ben lieberman enacted in 1970, the clean air act caa is the most complex, comprehensive, and costly environmental statute in existence. In a 2005 rulemaking, after conducting a thorough analysis of the language and legislative history of the two versions, epa described one way to reconcile them in a manner that comported with the overall thrust. Due to inconsistencies among state air programs, uncertainties in the scientific bases for the various criteria, and the jurisdictional obstacles to resolving regional and transboundary air quality concerns, congress strengthened the federal role in air pollution control in the clean air act of 1970. In accordance with sections 374 and 382 of that act, the secretary of state has consulted such persons as appear to. Section 112g of the clean air act technology transfer. Tribal nations role in its 1990 revision of the clean air act, congress recognized that indian tribes have the authority to implement air pollution control programs. The principal statute addressing air quality concerns, the clean air act was first enacted in 1955, with major revisions in 1970, 1977, and 1990. Clean air act part 2, section 4, installation of nondomestic furnaces 7. It does not directly control emissions of smaller particles pm10 and pm 2. Overview of the clean air act and air pollution us epa. The amendments in 1970 were an entirely rewritten version of the original clean air act. Vehicle registrations that expire between march 16, 2020, and june 14, 2020, are being extended through june 15, 2020.
Whenever a new or revised national ambient air quality standard naaqs is promulgated, the clean air act caa or act requires each state to submit a state implementation plan sip revision for the. The clean air act 1993 hastings borough council elections. Cost savings from allowance trading in the 1990 clean air act. Assessment of the effectiveness of measures under the clean air act 1993. Short title this act shall be known as the philippine clean air act. Regulations are subject to the affirmative resolution procedure. Including addition of a new furnace to an existing installation. To protect against high concentrations of air pollutants at ground level, which could create health effects, the clean air act 1993 allows local authorities to control the height of chimneys serving industrial processes under section 14 of the act, unless the height of the chimney has been approved by the local authority and any conditions attached to approval adhered. However, the clean air act does not apply to processes prescribed for control under the pollution prevention and control england and wales regulations 2000. In particular, it is considering the impact on air quality and emission ceilings from the repeal of the act and associated instruments. The 1990 clean air act amendments required epa to regulate 190 pollutants from these sources through a multifaceted regulatory program.
Assessment of the effectiveness of measures under the. Short title this act shall be known as the philippine clean air act of 1999. Dark smoke smoke control cheltenham borough council. Cost savings from allowance trading in the 1990 clean air.
An act to consolidate the clean air acts 1956 and 1968 and certain related enactments, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the law commission and the scottish law commission. Provisions for attainment and maintenance of national ambient air quality standards amends the clean air act to require state governors to designate areas within a state as nonattainment, attainment, or unclassifiable, with regard to air quality standards, and to submit such designations to the administrator of the. Sections 4, 6 and 14 notification of proposal to install a furnace section 4 application for approval of grit and dust arrestment plant section 6 application for the approval of the height of chimneys serving furnaces section 14 when to use this form. A bill to amend the clean air act to provide for attainment and maintenance of health protective national ambient air quality standards, and for other purposes. An act to consolidate the clean air acts 1956 and 1968 and certain related enactments, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the law. The 1990 clean air act is a piece of environmental policy of the united states relating to the reduction of smog and air pollution. Under the clean air act 1993 or clean air northern ireland order 1981 local. Assessment of the effectiveness of measures under the clean air act 1993 pdf, 1. Assessment of the effectiveness of measures under the clean air. Amends s11 of act no 38 of 1991 2 section 11 of the clean air act 1991 the act is amended by inserting next after paragraph k of subsection 1 the following paragraphs ka providing for. Portable document format pdf is a file format created by adobe systems for document exchange. The clean water act cwa establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the united states and regulating quality standards for surface waters. Epas prospective study of the clean air act focuses on the effects of the 1990 clean air act amendments from 1990 through 2010 by estimating the incremental benefits of the 1990 amendments.
The clean air act 1993 covers a wide range of regulations, including control of smoke emissions, the height of chimneys and the content and composition of. Under the clean air act amendments of 1990, epa is required to regulate large or majorindustrial facilities that emit one or more of 188 listed hazardousair pollutants air toxics. An act to amend the clean air act to provide for a more effective program to improve the quality of the nations air. The clean air act, 1990 as amended, requires federal agencies to assess the impact that projects will have on air quality and to take actions to prevent air quality degradation.
The clean air act, 1963 was a legislation that offered federal research aid, urged the development of state control agencies, and involved the federal government in interstate pollution issues. The clean air act 1993 also regulates emissions of dark and black smoke from chimneys serving furnaces of fixed boilers or industrial plant. The caa sets forth airquality standards and requirements to control pollutant release. The control of chimney heights enables local authorities to take into account a number of relevant factors in determining the height of a. Intended use of furnaces eg boiler plant, metal or reheating, drying etc note 4 b. The third edition of the 1956 clean air act memorandum on chimney heights issued with joint circular doe 2581 welsh office 1281 provides technical guidance. Br 44 1993 clean air regulations 1993 made under section 11 of the clean air act 1991 title 20 item and brought into operation on 1 october 1993 arrangement of regulations 1 citation 2 interpretation 3 control of open fires 4 further control of open fires 5 control of certain releases into the air 6 control of certain chemicals. Offences made under this legislation incur a maximum penalty of. Interpretation in this act, unless the context requires otherwise air contaminant means any solid, liquid or gas, or any combination of solids, liquids and gases, whose presence in the air results directly or indirectly from the activities of man. Amended in 1977 and again in 1990, the caa has spawned thousands of pages of regulations covering numerous sources of air emissions. It was enacted by the 101st united states congress.
The united states has made great progress since 1970 in cleaning the air, but the job is far from complete. It is one of the united states first and most influential modern environmental laws, and one of the most comprehensive air quality laws in the world. Under section 14 of the clean air act 1993, unless the height of the chimney has been approved by the local authority and any conditions attached to approval adhered to, it is an offence to cause, or knowingly permit a boilerfurnace to be used to. The clean air act is the name of any of several pieces of legislation aimed at reducing smog and other types of air pollution. These amendments set the stage for protecting the ozone layer, reducing acid rain and toxic pollutants, and improving air quality and visibility. Address of premises where chimneys isare or will be constructed if different from above name and address of consultant, contractor or other agent if employed. It follows the clean air act in 1963, the clean air act amendment in 1966, the clean air act 1970, and the clean air act amendments in 1977. Its goals are to use safe loweremitting alternatives, employ lowemission. Chapter 1 general provisions article 1 basic air quality policies section 1. The basis of the cwa was enacted in 1948 and was called the federal water pollution control act, but the act was significantly reorganized and expanded in 1972.
On october 1, 2015, the environmental protection agency epa promulgated the 2015 ozone naaqs, revising the standard to 0. In accordance with sections 374 and 382 of that act, the secretary of state has consulted such persons as appear to her a to represent local authorities, b to represent industrial interests, and c to be conversant with problems of air pollution, as she considers appropriate. While epa issues federal standards, state and local agencies generally administer these standards, and some develop their own rules to complement the federal standards. Requirements of the clean air act 1993 the clean air act 1993 caa was designed to control emissions from coal fuelled boilers following serious smog episodes in the 1950s. Apply for a chimney under the clean air act durham county council.
What you should know about burning at industrial and trade. In principle, it was a law that would show excellent results. This report provides a concise summary of one of those statutes, the clean air act. This act seeks to consolidate the clean air acts of 1956 and 1968 and certain related enactments, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the law commission and the scottish law commission part i is concerned with dark smoke and the prohibition of dark smoke from chimneys.
The clean air act, 1993, introduced a wide range of new regulations such as those which control smoke emissions and the height of chimneys and those relating to the content and composition of motor fuels. These requirements are modeled after similar provisions in the clean water act. The state shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. The clean air act includes a variety of approaches for dealing with pollution released by large industrial sources. Clean air act 1993 4 particulars to accompany application for approval 2. In the united states, the clean air acts include the air pollution control act of 1955, clean air act of 1963, air quality act of 1967, the clean air act extension of 1970, and clean air act amendments in 1977 and 1990. Nrdc legislative facts the clean air act is a genuine american success story and one of the most effective tools in u. B savings clause for vehicle inspection and maintenance i for any marginal area or, within the administrators discretion, portion thereof, the plan for which already includes, or was required by section 172b11b as in effect immediately before the date of the enactment of the clean air act amendments of 1990 to have included. Clean air act state implementation plans federal register. November 15, 1990 marks a milestone in clean air act history, the signing of the 1990 amendments.135 502 178 176 1211 848 1005 854 1062 1265 1383 604 945 1279 406 1073 1180 835 881 410 87 1058 1408 1436 178 1330 998 1102